The amount of compensatory sweating depends on the patient, the damage that the white rami communicans incurs, and the amount of cell body reorganization in the spinal cord after surgery.
Other potential complications include inadequate resection of the ganglia, gustatory sweating, pneumothorax, cardiac dysfunction, post-operative pain, and finally Horner’s syndrome secondary to resection of the stellate ganglion.

After severing the cervical sympathetic trunk, the cells of the cervical sympathetic ganglion undergo transneuronic degeneration
After severing the sympathetic trunk, the cells of its origin undergo complete disintegration within a year.

Saturday, August 9, 2014

Drawbacks of thoracoscopic sympathectomy | The BMJ

Drawbacks of thoracoscopic sympathectomy | The BMJ: "BMJ 2005; 330 doi: (Published 12 May 2005)
Cite this as: BMJ 2005;330:1127

Side effects after thoracoscopic sympathectomy have been discussed
widely in Taiwan society in the past few months. Lots of people in Taiwan
suffer from hyperhidrosis palmaris. Thoracoscopic sympathectomy is covered
by our National Health Insurance, and yet patient billing for this
operation does not exceed US$ 60. This is why this operation is so popular
here (1). However, patients with serious compensatory sweating must change
clothes several times a day (some complain they change as often as 10
times a day), resulting in a serious impact on work and social
interaction. Patients suffering from such serious side effects in Taiwan
have formed a support group based on an Internet discussion forum to
request the government to take this problem seriously
( Since October 2004, The
Department of Health Executive, Yuan, Taiwan, has prohibited surgeons from
performing this operation on patients under 20 years of age. To our
knowledge, this type of Internet-based support group also exists in
England (, Sweden
(, Australia (http://www.ets-, Spain
( and Japan
( Thoracoscopic
sympathectomy is a relatively safe and simple procedure, however, the side
effects are potentially devastating. All surgeons who do the operation and
individuals preparing to undergo this treatment should know this well.
1.Lin TS, Wang NP, Huang LC. Pitfalls and complication avoidance
associated with transthoracic endoscopic sympathectomy for primary
hyperhidrosis (analysis of 2200 cases). Int J Surg Investig 2001; 2: 377-